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pa & speaker-box plans

19-Nov-2017

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4 x 10" Full-Range Cabinet



This 4 x 10" full-range cabinet is ideal for club and party systems... Loads of punch in a small cab!

It's surprisingly easy to build tho', and can be used with more pairs to build a bigger system.

It's not a sub-bass-heavy design, rolling in at about 70-80Hz, but you can add some bass-bins to these, with a Bi-amped system to deliver bone-crushing sub-bass if required.

Use a pair of these with any stereo power amp up to 500 watts per channel... but ease the volume in huh!... dont blow the things up!

The speaker brand is up to you, but check the resonance for the bass driver, and adjust the port-size accordingly... Use a 3-5K cross-over for the tweeters.

The tweeters are mounted on an angled board... the plans dont show how to do this, but simply cut out the 10" X 5" oblong hole, then make the small angled panel and glue it in pace with mucho wood-glue (wood-glue/PVA is stronger than wood once set)... the tweeters don't vibrate much, and there's no need to seperate them from the bass/mid speakers... but make sure the seal around the tweeter board is airtight.


LOUDSPEAKERS 4 X 10"
2 X BULLET TWEETER or SLOT TWEETER
CROSSOVER BASS/MID - TREBLE @ 3khz - 5khz
PERFORMANCE From 70 Hz to 80 Hz up to 20 KHz at sensitivities from 100 db to 105 db depending on models selected. Good quality sound, with bass/mid emphasis.
CONSTRUCTION Fairly simple
MATERIALS 1 X 18mm / 3/4" 8' X 4' board (2438 X 1219)
VOLUME Total= 5355 cubic inches - 85 litres


SPECIAL NOTES - PORT SIZE

RESONANCE OF LOUDSPEAKER PORT HEIGHT
60 HZ 1" inch
70 HZ 1-3/4" inch
75 HZ 2-3/8" inch
80 HZ 2-3/4" inch


CLICK TO VIEW & DOWNLOAD THE PLANS


[plans will print out to an A4 page]

CLICK TO GO TO CONSTRUCTION TIPS PAGE


(very important to read this !!)


Good luck & happy building



COMMENTS FOR:

'4 x 10" Full-Range Cabinet'


There are a total:  9  comments posted to this page.


Name: Tonnie Tjonk
Email: atenco@home.nl
Activity: Professional
Date: 30-Dec-99

I build the horn loaded bass en 2 10" souded very well. Keep up the good work.


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Name: k
Email: here
Activity: Professional
Date: 30-Dec-99

add test comment to '4x10 full-rage cab' page


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Name: David Carlson
Email: tinkler@aol.com
Activity: Hobby-ist
Date: 30-Dec-99

what would I need to do to use this just for a guitar amp, I don't think I really need the tweeters, if not do I just shorten up the box or what?

Thanks for your web site Dave


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Name: kilo
Email: here
Activity: Professional
Date: 30-Dec-99

this is a great and easy to make powerful cab...


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Name: jj
Email: bassboy44@netzero.com
Activity: Professional
Date: 01-Oct-05

Please take a course in audio engineering. This cab is a joke, a virtual recipe for comb filtering.


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Name: Steven Brodie B.S.E.
Email: smbrodie@chartermi.net
Activity: Professional
Date: 13-Oct-05

Response to BassBoy44:

While you are correct in your statement that side by side drivers (hooked to the same crossover point) should be avoided if possible, I think you're overlooking the application here. The delay you're referring to will hardly be noticeable in the typical club or bar. I think everyone would agree that a properly custom designed and installed line array and monitor speakers with the proper crossover, amplification, and filtering would be the best solution for any venue. However here we are dealing with a "portable" system that has to be a compromise in many cases. SPL, bass response, cost, and portability being much more of a concern than time-coherency

Your knowledge and comments hint that you are an engineering student... one of the pit-falls many engineering students fall into, is that they are given "Ideal" examples in class. These frequently have little to do with real world application.

Comb filtering in the way you mean, is mainly of concern when the delay varies over time or due to frequency. Here the delay is fixed due to the path from ear to driver. The frequencies are also an issue. Consider the wavelength of the frequencies involved with the woofers, and think of the almost negligible phase difference the or 5 difference from each woofer to your ear. Not only that, but the reflected sound from the venue walls, usually far from "Ideal" in the places such a speaker would be used, will add far more of a time-coherency issue than driver placement.

You've always got to keep the end-user in mind. Not many PA solutions require audiophile quality speakers... I've found that the requirements for good PA cabinets are: (in no particular order) 1. Durability (and the ability to be used for multiple applications), 2. SPL (Loudness) 3. Bass Response, and. Cost.

P.S. in the case of the x 10" if the woofers are arrayed properly, (and these seem to be close enough) at any reasonable distance from the baffle, the sound "combines" into a single (though somewhat more directional) source as if from a single driver with slightly less thanx the cone area.

Steven M. Brodie B.S.E.


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Name: Tom Eckert
Email: tom.eckert@asu.edu
Activity: Hobby-ist
Date: 10-Jun-06

I just have a question. I have a pair of old Steven Trusonic speakers that I am hooking up to a Sony amp. The problem is, the Sone only has 8 ohm speaker taps. Will the sound quality be the same hooking up these speakes to 8 ohms? Thanks.

Tom


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Name: Roy Novio
Email: roynovio@yahoo.com
Activity: part-timer
Date: 19-Sep-14

Can this 4 x 10" be converted to double 10" split in the middle and have a vent on the bottom for a 60 Hz - 18 kHz and a small 1" round horn (1.8 kHz). The 10" woofers Fs 59 Hz, Vas 1.30 litr, Qts .27, Qes .29 Xmax 4.9 mm Mms 28 grm, BL 14 Tm. As a DJ monitor and use an Eminence pre built Xover passive. Or even making the vent taller to 60 Hz tuning. I'll be putting a tophat at the bottom. The woofers are neo I want something light weight so may use Arauco 15 mm ply 5 or 7 ply for 18 mm thick. I am going to have it on the side of DJ table or in front of me. Thanks!


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Last added comment

Name: oli
Email: sayell@hotmail.com
Activity: part-timer
Date: 11-Dec-14

hi there all, i am a reggae/dub head and would really love to take this up as a
project, but the only thing is im not to handy with wires or speakers, if there
is anyone out there that has a good knowledge of what loudspeakers/tweeters and
every part of electrical goods i will need for this build i would be hugely
apprehensive if someone could make me a list of stuff i would need to get to make
there work. thanks Oli


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 [back to top]

Cabinet plans

Each page contains a downloadable plan as a gif image, sized to print-out onto an A4 page.

STARTER FULL-RANGE 3 DRIVER CABINET

4 X 10" FULL-RANGE CABINET

2 X 15" FULL-RANGE CABINET

2 X 15" FOLDED BASS-BIN FOR MODULAR SYSTEM

1 X 15" REAR HORN LOADED SCOOP BASS-BIN FOR MODULAR SYSTEM

1 X 15" 2 WAY FULL-RANGE REFLEX CABINET (can also be simple bass unit)

2 X 12" ANGLED SHORT-THROW MID CAB FOR MODULAR SYSTEMS

2 X 10" MID AND HIGH FREQUENCY CABINET FOR PASSIVE SYSTEM

HF LARGE HORN CABINET FOR ACTIVE SYSTEM

EASY BASS CAB FOR 15"/18" BASS - (single or double!!)
[Kindly supplied by Celestion uk]
[also can build as 10"/12"/15"/18" + tweeter for full-range]

15" CELESTION W-BIN BASS CAB

MARTIN 15" HORN

EAW BH 882 DUAL 18" BASS

CERWIN VEGA 18" BASSBIN - EARTHQUAKE B36

Lots of plans here...




dancetech
& thomann
partner store

Help support the site & the users music space - Buy via our partner store for EU customers. One fixed price delivery for most items, even for heavy things like a bass-cab! - Here's the current top-sellers in this category!

the box - speaker 18-500/8-a

€ 135.00  -  £121.71

visaton - ex 80 s

€ 57.00  -  £51.39

eminence - delta-12a 8 ohm

€ 88.00  -  £79.34

eminence - delta-15lfa

€ 99.00  -  £89.25

eminence - kappa-15lfa

€ 139.00  -  £125.32

the box - speaker 12-280/8-w

€ 55.00  -  £49.58

celestion - vintage 30 - 16 ohm

€ 125.00  -  £112.70

rcf - lf18g401

€ 229.00  -  £206.46

fane - sovereign 12-250 tc

€ 79.00  -  £71.22

the box - speaker 15-300/8-a

€ 64.00  -  £57.70

bose - l1 compact

€ 990.00  -  £892.58

ld systems - maui 28 g2

€ 990.00  -  £892.58

ld systems - maui 28 g2 bundle

€ 1,066.00  -  £961.11

yamaha - stagepas 400i

€ 649.00  -  £585.14

ld systems - maui 11 g2

€ 725.00  -  £653.66

the box - mba75w mkii

€ 589.00  -  £531.04

ld systems - maui 11 mix

€ 495.00  -  £446.29

the t.amp - pa 4080 package

€ 185.00  -  £166.79

ld systems - maui 11 g2 bundle

€ 735.00  -  £662.67

the box - mba120w

€ 438.00  -  £394.90

allen & heath - qu-16 chrome

€ 1,777.00  -  £1,602.15

midas - mr 18

€ 675.00  -  £608.58

behringer - x32

€ 2,288.00  -  £2,062.87

behringer - x32 compact

€ 1,739.00  -  £1,567.89

behringer - x32 rack

€ 1,249.00  -  £1,126.10

behringer - x32 compact case bundle

€ 1,899.00  -  £1,712.14

allen & heath - ar2412

€ 955.00  -  £861.03

allen & heath - qu-16 case bundle

€ 1,825.00  -  £1,645.42

midas - m 32

€ 3,859.00  -  £3,479.29

behringer - x32 producer

€ 1,390.00  -  £1,253.23

the box pro - achat 112 sub a

€ 288.00  -  £259.66

db technologies - sub 808 d

€ 473.00  -  £426.45

behringer - b1200d pro

€ 315.00  -  £284.00

the box - pyrit 212 sub a

€ 611.00  -  £550.88

the box pro - achat 112 sub

€ 239.00  -  £215.48

the box - cl 118 sub mk ii

€ 548.00  -  £494.07

the box pro - achat 108 sub a

€ 189.00  -  £170.40

the box - cl 112 sub mk ii

€ 295.00  -  £265.97

the box - ta18

€ 389.00  -  £350.72

the box - cl 115 sub mk ii

€ 379.00  -  £341.70

the t.amp - e4-250

€ 266.00  -  £239.82

the t.amp - e-400

€ 118.00  -  £106.38

the t.amp - ta50

€ 68.00  -  £61.30

the t.amp - tsa 4-1300

€ 489.00  -  £440.88

the t.amp - e-800

€ 155.00  -  £139.74

the t.amp - tsa 4-700

€ 389.00  -  £350.72

the t.amp - pm40c

€ 58.00  -  £52.29

the t.amp - ta 2400 mk-x

€ 344.00  -  £310.15

the t.amp - s-100 mk ii

€ 135.00  -  £121.71

the t.amp - s-75 mk ii

€ 118.00  -  £106.38

stairville - led bar 240/8 bundle

€ 155.00  -  £139.74

adj - mega tripar profile plus

€ 68.00  -  £61.30

stairville - clb2.4 compact led par system

€ 145.00  -  £130.73

stairville - show bar triled 18x3w rgb

€ 233.00  -  £210.07

stairville - clb4 rgb compact led bar 4

€ 259.00  -  £233.51

showtec - sunstrip active dmx mkii

€ 185.00  -  £166.79

cameo - flat par can tri 7 x 3w ir

€ 85.00  -  £76.63

stairville - power strobe 1500 dmx

€ 77.00  -  £69.42

stairville - led bar 240/8 rgb dmx 30

€ 66.00  -  £59.50

stairville - clb2.4 compact led par bundle

€ 179.00  -  £161.38

cordial - cls 225/100m bk

€ 155.00  -  £139.74

the sssnake - ssk 225 bk 100m

€ 101.00  -  £91.06

the sssnake - ssk 215 bk 100m

€ 72.00  -  £64.91

the sssnake - sdk 120 bk 100m

€ 82.00  -  £73.93

the sssnake - ssk 225 gr 100m

€ 101.00  -  £91.06

the sssnake - ssk 215 gr 100m

€ 72.00  -  £64.91

cordial - cls 215/100m

€ 101.00  -  £91.06

cordial - cls 225/100m wh

€ 153.00  -  £137.94

cordial - cmk 222 bl/100m

€ 76.00  -  £68.52

cordial - cmk 222 bk/100m

€ 72.00  -  £64.91

pro snake - 14718-5,0 ep 5 cable 5 pin

€ 56.00  -  £50.48

pro snake - 14750-15 speaker twist 4-pin

€ 53.00  -  £47.78

pro snake - 14480-25

€ 70.00  -  £63.11

pro snake - 14760-20 speaker twist 4-pin

€ 66.00  -  £59.50

pro snake - 14641 nl4 cable 4 pin 10m

€ 66.00  -  £59.50

cordial - crl 15 ll

€ 56.00  -  £50.48

cordial - crl 20 ll

€ 72.00  -  £64.91

cordial - ctl 20 ll - 2

€ 50.00  -  £45.08

pro snake - 14661 nl4 cable 4 pin 20m

€ 115.00  -  £103.68

pro snake - 14719-10 ep 5 cable 5 pin

€ 70.00  -  £63.11